Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor.
Conducting Educational Research Step Write Discussion and Conclusion The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations.
It is important that everything in this last section is based off of the results of the data analysis. In an empirical research study, the conclusions and recommendations must be directly related to the data that was collected and analyzed. Simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations.
If that topic was not precisely assessed by the questionnaire, then you cannot draw a conclusion or make a recommendation about that topic. A paper can only make valid conclusions and recommendations on those variables that the study has empirical data to support.
For example, almost every single paper written in Nigeria that I read recommends that the government should provide more teaching materials and increase the salaries of teachers.
However, better instructional materials and adequate pay are rarely even distantly related to the topic of the paper! Draw conclusions and make recommendations only directly related to the purpose and results of the study.
Everybody in Nigeria knows that schools need more materials and teachers need higher salaries Draw conclusions and make recommendations that are meaningful, unique, and relate to the results of the study.
Most papers require five different sections for the Discussion, although the order may vary depending on the requirements of the paper.
Each section is described separately below.
Discussion This section might be called Discussion or it might be called Summary of Findings. The purpose of this section is to highlight the major statistical findings from the results section and interpret them. First, restate the overall purpose of the study. Then explain the main finding as related to the overall purpose of the study.
Next, summarize other interesting findings from the results section. Explain how the statistical findings relate to that purpose of the study.
One way to do this is to take every research question and hypothesis in turn and explain in plain terms what the statistical results mean. Also describe how the results are related to education in general.
All explanations must be supported by the results of the data analysis. Generally, the Discussion section does not need to include any numbers. No statistics need to be repeated from the results, nor does the discussion need to refer to table numbers. Instead, simply explain the results in language that is easy for a non-researcher to understand.
Also try to integrate the findings into the results of other research studies. An example paragraph from a Discussion section is given below: This study found that Nigerian teachers have a mix of beliefs regarding early literacy development, some accurate beliefs and other inaccurate beliefs.
The teachers sampled in this study were accurate in their agreement about the importance of oral language.Depending on your discipline, the number of chapters in a dissertation may vary. Let's examine the most common case and see how we can help you! How to Write A Unique Research Paper. The best thing about writing a unique research paper is that you become a student of a certain topic, particularly if you never researched the topic before.
How to Write an Effective Discussion Elements to Include in the Discussion State the Major Findings of the Study Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why the Findings Are Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper.
There are elements of the discussion that should. Governance for Sustainable Development Integrating Governance in the Post Development Framework March Discussion Paper. Sep 03, · How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Conclusions Writing a Basic Conclusion Making Your Conclusion as Effective as Possible Avoiding Common Pitfalls Community Q&A The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry%(92).
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.