Posted by Staff Writer on Feb 22, in CultureSociety The relationship between hip-hop and rap music and women has always been a tricky one to digest. All too often we will come across a song playing on a popular radio station that attempts to reclassify the female entity on so many derogatory and sometimes disturbing levels. Rap and hip-hop music has always had a tendency to represent misogyny at its true best, capturing the essence of women in the oh-so-catchy rhymes of debased and objectified, crude animal forms.
Survey results would have been more accurate if every student at Elon had an equal opportunity of participating in the survey. Therefore, some students may not have been able to offer their correct evaluation, which may skew data if respondents could not directly state they were unfamiliar with an artist or song.
A final limitation of this study is that while the researcher coded the songs as objectively as possible, individuals may interpret lyrics differently.
Future Research Future studies could determine if demographic differences, besides gender, may lead to different views on misogynistic lyrical content.
Acknowledgement This author is thankful to Dr. Scott at Elon University for his guidance and advice, without which the article could not be published. The author also appreciates numerous reviewers who have helped revise this article.
References About Elon University. Retrieved October 30,from http: The words have changed but the ideology remains the same: Misogynistic lyrics in rap music.
Journal of Black Studies, 36, — A content analysis of the portrayals of violence against women in rap music, Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture, 8 2 Foundation, ferment, and future 4th ed.
The influence of misogynous rap music on sexual aggression against women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 19, — Retrieved October 11,from Billboard website: A feminist analysis of popular music: Power over, objectification of, and violence against women.
Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 18 4 Ambivalent sexism and misogynistic rap music: Does exposure to Eminem increase sexism?
Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37 12 Self-esteem, misogyny and afrocentricity: An examination of the relationship between rap music consumption and African American perceptions.
Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 19, Growing up with television: Advances in theory and research pp. The facts on domestic, dating and sexual violence. Retrieved September 13,from Futures Without Violence website: Perceptions of misogyny in hip hop and rap: What do the youths think?Today's rap music reflects its origin in the hip-hop culture of young, urban, working-class African-Americans, its roots in the African oral tradition, its function as the voice of an otherwise underrepresented group, and, as its popularity has grown, its commercialization and appropriation by .
V. Conclusion. Cultivation theory is supported by this paper’s findings, which found continued audience exposure to misogynistic lyrics in popular rap/hip-hop music influences college students’ attitudes toward the issue of domestic violence.
the issue of domestic violence and its portrayal in popular rap/hip-hop music. Misogyny in Rap/Hip-Hop Music In a recent content analysis of six types of media, Pardun, L’Engle, and . The Effects of Objectifying Hip-Hop Lyrics on Female Listeners Ellen S.
Nikodym we live in a society in which rap music is associated with misogyny and violence (Fried, ). When participants listened to Common themes in music may not provide healthy messages, however.
Using a meta-analysis approach, Timmerman et. al () found that “listening to music generates an effect on listeners consistent with the content of the music,” such as when rap/hip-hop artists communicate themes condoning “power over, objectification of and violence against women” (p.
; Bretthauer et al., , p. 42). Overt misogyny in rap music emerged in the late s, and has since then been a feature of the music of numerous hip hop artists. A content analysis of six outlets of media found that music contained substantially more sexual content than any other media outlets.