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COHA Although the Mexican constitution called for democratic institutions, the actual implementation of democratic practices only began about a decade ago.
Democracy really began to burgeon when the PRI, the party that once single-handedly ruled the nation, was ousted from the presidency in by the PAN. However, even after the establishment of a multi-party system, the PRI retains a stronghold from behind the scenes.
Mexican citizens must work with the government in order to create long-lasting changes that will promote basic democratic processes and the institutions through which such processes perform. For most of the twentieth century, Mexico was ruled by the authoritarian-minded Institutional Revolutionary Party PRIa monopolistic political grouping infamous for imposing a clientelistic and patronage-based social order.
Thus, this militarized rule prevented the authentic practice of democracy by often nullifying what should have been the effective powers of the electorate.
Yet another sign of progress was the creation of the Federal Institute of Transparency and Access to Information in Other grassroots movements supported such advancements at the Federal level. Together, the creation of human rights groups across the nation produced a civil society centered on the struggle for increased political and economic rights, as well as on the guarantee of legitimate democratic processes and a firm rule of law.
A multi-party system was formed as a result of a highly publicized scandal that followed the controversial presidential election of Carlos Salinas de Gortari in These events resulted in the formation of the multi-party system that currently exists in Mexico.
This law created autonomy for the Federal Electoral Institute IFE and granted public financing to political parties in order to level the domestic political playing field.
Hope emerged for an authentic democracy in a nation normally overrun by corruption. While this win symbolized an evolution from authoritarian rule towards legitimate democracy, it appeared to accomplish little real change.
Although the nationwide elections were free from an overwhelming amount of secret interference, local elections were still regulated by the Federal Electoral Tribunal—a body formed under the IFE in the s to ensure ballot regulation and to solve electoral disputes regarding a free and fair process.
And even though the PRI lost at the voting booth, it did not lose in spirit: Although the PRI no longer had a majority in the legislature it was still able to exert its dominance.
The over-distribution of power allowed the PRI to possess voting strength beyond its actual numbers. In an era characterized by corruption and a deadly ongoing war against drugs—one that has progressively hindered the ability of the federal government to ensure its national security—a truly representative government free of corruption is more necessary than ever before.
While the Mexican government has focused on clean elections as a route to democracy, this single-mindedness has led to the ultimate failure in implementing strong democratic foundations.
Local conditions, such as the malodorous personal reputations of PRI candidates, allowed these two parties to dismiss their lame ideologies and create a partnership based solely on the desire to convene against a common foe. With the PAN and the PRD focusing solely on ousting the PRI rather than on strengthening their own plans and platforms, the parties continue to beat themselves into submission in order to win sparse victories.
Loss of faith in the PRD culminated in when the party held fraudulent elections. Consequently, his promise to construct a booming economy in Mexico has gone unfulfilled, generating no small amount of doubt about the comeback abilities harbored by the once-revered National Action Party PAN.
Few desire or are able to change the status quo, and there are limited opportunities for the people to hold their leaders accountable due to current policies such as the law banning re-election.
Also, because members of the government can only serve a single term, elections take place regularly. The frequency of these elections drains the government, both financially and structurally, as competition between potential candidates creates costly inter-party struggles.
This further fragments the political sphere and suggests that a bipartisan, rather than multiparty, system is more efficient in the promotion of an effective democracy. Inthe PRI captured of the available seats in the Lower House of the Mexican Congress—a feat reflective of its strong constituency.
Mexico is simply a new democracy with old parties—the weakened structure of the newer PAN and PRD allows the PRI to continue to dominate the political show behind the scenes. Many fear that the re-installation of the PRI would cause a complete reversion to an authoritarian establishment.
Looking Forward to the Future Due to the expansion of corruption past the electoral boundaries of the PRI and into all parties in Mexico, voters in the presidential election would benefit from supporting a candidate based on his platform and proposed agenda, rather than on political affiliation alone.
Although the president elected in is not likely to create lasting changes overnight, he or she will be able to set the precedent for the future years. The future leader of Mexico needs to work hard to convince representatives to establish an effective balance of power in the legislature to allow for checks and balances to work properly, thus allowing for necessary changes in the constitution that can be counted on to promote democracy.
One of the first changes should be the elimination of the ban against re-election. Many constitutional specialists contend that Mexico would do well to follow in the footsteps of other functioning regional democratic societies and allow for presidential re-election.
Such a change would prevent dictatorships while still allowing freely elected leaders to be held accountable for the promises they make to their constituents.
While structural reform at the hand of a freely accountable president is key to weeding out government corruption and allowing democratic institutions to flourish, the involvement of citizens from all political affiliations is equally important.
Simultaneously, public satisfaction with democracy in Mexico has fallen from Yet a solid In a country where drug violence and human rights violations run rampant, there have been recent attempts by civil society organizations to create momentum for social change.
These efforts show that Mexicans are willing to take a stand against corruption and work with the government to create a working democracy that better serves them.The Current State of Mexican Democracy Essay example - According to Stoner and McFaul when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was defeated and voted out of office in this turnout allowed for a completion of a successful transition to democracy in Mexico ().
The Current State of Mexican Democracy Essay example - According to Stoner and McFaul when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was defeated and voted out of office in this turnout allowed for a completion of a successful transition to democracy in Mexico (). Essay Comparative Politics of the French and Mexican Governments ideology that has help to define the French political system is that of bicameral legislation. In bicameral legislation the power of making laws is vested into two chambers, both, which must approve a bill before it officially becomes a law. Democracy in Mexico: The Past, Present, and Future July 18, July 18, COHA Although the Mexican constitution called for democratic institutions, the actual implementation of democratic practices only began about a decade ago.
Is Mexico a democracy? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 11 Answers.
Lázaro Clapp, Mexican. and the Mexican reaction to these elections gives a very unclear but interesting picture about democracy in Mexico: In one state and multiple cities, independent candidates were elected. That is, at least one governor in Mexico, "El . Current Issues Facing The American Education System Essay Words | 5 Pages to enroll, educate, and graduate these students that were once denied higher education.
Essay about Politics & Culture of Mexico Words | 5 Pages.
Politics and Culture of Mexico SOC Cross-Cultural Perspectives Instructor Theodore July 2, While politics in Mexico may one day be good for the people of Mexico, the current state of the country is not so good. The current state of Mexican democracy is seemingly difficult to analyze because Mexico is still a relatively new democracy.
The Mexican government has come a long way and still has a lot to work on order to improve its democracy. border with Mexico and therefore share important concerns, including the environment, water resources, and migration.
Finally, Mexico is an important oil producer, supplying oil to the United States. Mexico in Comparative Context Mexico provides an interesting case for .