The Ministry was constituted with the prime intention of addressing gaps in State action for women and children for promoting inter-Ministerial and inter-sectoral convergence to create gender equitable and child-centred legislation, policies and programmes. Vision and Mission Vision Empowered women living with dignity and contributing as equal partners in development in an environment free from violence and discrimination. And, wellnurtured children with full opportunities for growth and development in a safe and protective environment.
Order now Malnutrition continues to be a significant problem for children in India. According to the third National Family Health Survey while there have been some improvements in the nutritional status of young children in few states still nutritional deficienceies are widespread.
The prevalence of anaemia is even worse than it was in NFHS Anaemia in India is primarily linked to poor nutrition and this is a cause of grave concern. The prevalence rate of undernutrition in India, in the age group yrs is one of the highest in the world. Around 57 children of every children die before reaching the age of one year.
These poor development indices clearly bring out the state of children under six in India and the failure of most intervention in changing the situation.
The Indian Prime Minister Mr. Manmohan Singh said that the ICDS scheme had not sufficiently dented child nutrition levels in a strongly worded letter to the state chief ministers. The fact that there has been just one percent improvement in the underweight status of children under three from the NFHS-II, which was carried out seven years earlier shows that the progress is too slow.
This disturbing current scenario calls for immediate action. It is important to understand that early childhood development and care is crucial for overall development and growth of not only children but the society as whole.
Therefore it is important that policymakers prioritise policies towards children under six.
With this aim the government introduced the ICDS programme in It was started to address the problem of malnutrition among children through supplementary nutrition, growth monitoring and educating families to adopt better feeding practices during pregnancy, breast feeding, weaning and balanced nutrition in early years of development of the child upto 6 years.
It also aimed at ensuring complete immunization against diseases, de-worming, providing Vitamin A and iron supplements, facilitating referrals in case of illness through convergence with the health sector.
It further aimed at promoting holistic child development through pre-school education. A range of Anganwadi centres AWC were to achieve these objectives.
Even thirty two years after the introduction of the ICDS programme much has not been achieved, though it is recognized that this is perhaps one of the better conceived programmes and if implemented properly can yield good results.
Supreme Court orders and Rights perspectiveThe Supreme Court in November recognized that the right to food is justifiable, and the government is duty bound to prevent hunger and malnutrition.
In a series of other judgments the court ordered the universalisation of ICDS to cover every child under the age of six and gave further directions for the strengthening of the ICDS. It called for sanctioning of 14 lakh AWCs, currently there are 7 lakh anganwadis across the country and increasing of the norm of rupee one to rupees two.
However, it is necessary to analyse the reasons for the failure of the programme at the national level. There have been examples of success of the ICDS programme but this is most of the time localized and uneven across states.
The programme has been a success in Tamil Nadu and various studies have been done to understand the reasons for its success. The universalisation of the ICDS needs to be implemented by the UPA government as this is also part of the commitment made by the government in the Common Minimum Programme CMP which stated that UPA will provide functional anganwadi in every settlement and would ensure full coverage to all children.
Funding Issues According to the report tabled by the commissioners appointed by the Supreme Court, the expenditure for running the ICDS programme is met from three broad sources.
Funds provided by the Centre and are generally used to meet the expenses of infrastructure, salaries and honorarium of ICDS staff, training, basic medical equipment etc.
Allocations made by the state governments to provide supplementary nutrition to beneficiaries and 3. Funds provided under he Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojna PMGY as additional assistance by the centre used to provide take home rations for the children in the age group of years living below poverty line and to those in need of additional supplementary nutrition.
The resources would have been adequate for the existing centres but most of the time due to delays in release of funds by the government the programme suffers. Further the funds allocated by the state governments also vary and is reflected in the functioning of the AWC.
Bihar for example spends just 15 paise per day per child on cooked meal. In West Bengal allocation of a meager amount of 80 paise per child is often quoted as the reason why required standards are not met. Jharkhand is an exception as it has not allocated a single rupee till In contrast Tamil Nadu has allocated more than Rs crore for SNP against a requirement of Rs 89 crore with the allocation per beneficiary coming to Rs 1.
Further there has been evidence of rampant corruption in the utilization of the fund. In Uttar Pradesh there have been evidence to show that funds are utilized and procurement of nutrition supplements have been made on paper but there is nothing to show on ground.
Further, in some states ICDS centralised nutritional procurement is done at the level of chief minister and there have been instances when a little known agency located in another state is given contract for providing fortified supplements.
The delivery is done at a centralized place and from there the stock is disbursed to remote districts and centres. In Bihar of the funds released in by the state government, Rs lakh remained unutilised.
Quality Control The quality of the food distributed among the children is often so bad that children are not able to eat it. Most of the time there is so much delay in the distribution of supply that by the time they reach the centre they are stale and not fit to be consumed.
The quality of supplementary nutrition supplied in Rajasthan was considered to be good but was very dry and not tasty. This became a restricting factor in the consumption of the food provided.The role of Village Child Protection Committees to support vulnerable children with social services: A story from Katuba Village, Uganda.
JUNE This case study was authored by Esther Nassali, Juliana Nabwire, Esther Karamagi, and Mirwais Rahimzai of University Research Co., LLC (URC) and Nsangi Immaculate of Mukono district local government.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to women and child development in caninariojana.com current minister for the Ministry of Women and Child Development is Maneka Gandhi having held the portfolio since .
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is a government programme in India which provides food, preschool education, and primary healthcare to children under 6 years of age and their mothers. The scheme was launched in , discontinued in by the government of Morarji Desai, and then relaunched by the Tenth Five Year Plan.
Role of Icds in Protecting Children from Hunger and Malnutrition Malnutrition continues to be a significant problem for children in India.
According to the third National Family Health Survey () while there have been some improvements in the nutritional status of young children in few states still nutritional deficienceies are widespread. This is the list of NGOs. A.
NGOs working on the issue of Child Labour: 1. caninariojana.comarangaiya Foundation-Brief Profile: · MV Foundation ’s approach is based on a firm conviction that no child works and that all children in the years age group must be in school. In other words it recognizes the inextricable link between the program for .
The major policy initiatives undertaken by the Ministry in the recent past include universalisation of ICDS and Kishori Shakti Yojana, launching a nutrition programme for adolescent girls, establishment of the Commission for protection of Child Rights and enactment of Protection .