Historical origins[ edit ] The origins of the New Left have been traced to several factors. Prominently, the confused response of the Communist Party of the USA and the Communist Party of Great Britain to the Hungarian Revolution of led some Marxist intellectuals to develop a more democratic approach to politics, opposed to what they saw as the centralised and authoritarian politics of the pre-war leftist parties.
Dubbed the New Right partly in contrast to the New Left counterculture of the s, the New Right consisted of conservative activists who voiced opposition on a variety of issues, including abortionhomosexualitythe Equal Rights Amendment ERAthe Panama Canal Treaty, affirmative actionand most forms of taxation.
The New Right grew rapidly during the s and s, thanks in part to organizations such as Young Americans for Freedom and College Republicans. These organizations shared demographic characteristics white, middle-class, Protestant, suburban and were frustrated with a perceived decline in morality during the s and s, including rampant drug use and more-open and public displays of sexuality as well as rising crime rates, race riots, civil rights unrest, and protest movements against the Vietnam War.
Though some debate as to the regional birthplace of the New Right still exists among scholars, the most popular view sees the Sun Belt —the area of land stretching from southern California across the Southwestthrough Texasand into Florida —as the geographic home of the New Right.
Ronald Reagan is often seen as its iconic hero. Other key players in the rise of the New Right included anti-ERA activist Phyllis Schlafly and Richard Viguerie, whose use of direct mail revolutionized political strategies for mobilizing grassroots support.New Left Beginnings: The Free Speech Movement at Berkeley in Marty Ruhaak Marty Ruhaak, a senior history major at Eastern Illinois University, wrote this essay for Dr.
Edmund Wehrle’s. The New Right Essay Words 7 Pages Starting during the s, factions of American conservatives slowly came together to form a new and more radical dissenting conservative movement, the New Right.
During the period , new issues had emerged for the civil rights movement, such as the question of whether Martin Luther King’s philosophy of non-violent tactics were too moderate and limited, poverty and voting rights. During to , black leaders responded to these issues in a number of ways.
Some saw the New Left as an oppositional reaction to earlier Marxist and labor union movements for social justice.