Designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization on May 30,the Abdallah Azzam Brigades AAB formally announced its establishment in a July video statement claiming responsibility for a February rocket attack against Israel. The group is divided into two branches:
Asahara predicted that Armageddon would occur in In Japanese, kanji are used to write both words that are originally Japanese as well as Sino-xenic words, but they are not usually used to transcribe those which are borrowed directly from exotic foreign languages.
Inthe organization changed Aum shinrikyo terrorist group name to "Aleph" a reference to the first letter of the PhoenicianHebrewand Arabic alphabetsand it also replaced its logo. It was during this period that Asahara became obsessed with Biblical prophecies.
In rather rare footage, Asahara is seen on the street in front of a large clown doll resembling himself, smiling happily. This was to be accomplished by practising ancient teachings, accurately translated from original Pali sutras these three were referred to as "threefold salvation".
Initiation rituals, assert the authors of the book, often involved the use of hallucinogenssuch as LSD. Religious practices often involved extremely ascetic practices claimed to be "yoga".
These included everything from renunciants being hung upside down to being given shock therapy. The network then had the interview secretly shown to the group without notifying Sakamoto, intentionally breaking protection of sources.
The group then pressured TBS to cancel the broadcast. The following month Sakamoto, his wife and his child went missing from their home in Yokohama.
The police were unable to resolve the case at the time, although some of his colleagues publicly voiced their suspicions of the group.
It was not until after the Tokyo attack that they were found to have been murdered and their bodies dumped by cult members. The group, authors report, "commonly took patients into its hospitals and then forced them to pay exorbitant medical bills".
An assassination attempt was made on Kobayashi in However, their plan to cause an anthrax epidemic failed. The attack resulted in a large number of complaints about bad odors but no infections. They also attempted to manufacture 1, automatic rifles but only managed to make one.
Both sarin and VX were then used in several assassinations and attempts over — With the help of a converted refrigerator truckmembers of the cult released a cloud of sarin which floated near the homes of judges who were overseeing a lawsuit concerning a real-estate dispute which was predicted to go against the cult.
This Matsumoto incident killed eight and harmed more. It was only after the Tokyo subway attack that Aum Shinrikyo was discovered to be behind the Matsumoto sarin attack.
Two persons were injured and a year-old man was killed. He is believed to be the first fully documented victim of VX. Doctors in the hospital suspected at the time he had been poisoned with an organophosphate pesticide. But the cause of death was pinned down only after cult members arrested for the subway attack in Tokyo in March confessed to the killing.
Ethyl methylphosphonate, methylphosphonic acid, and diisopropyl methylthio ethylamine were later found in the body of the victim. Unlike the cases for sarin Matsumoto incident and Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subwayVX was not used for mass murder. His corpse was destroyed in a microwave -powered incinerator and the remnants disposed of in Lake Kawaguchi.
Tokyo subway sarin attack On the morning of 20 MarchAum members released a binary chemical weaponmost closely chemically similar to sarin, in a coordinated attack on five trains in the Tokyo subway system, killing 13 commuters, seriously injuring 54 and affecting more. Some estimates claim as many as 6, people were injured by the sarin.
It is difficult to obtain exact numbers since many victims are reluctant to come forward. The attack evidently backfired, and police conducted huge simultaneous raids on cult compounds across the country.
While the finding of biological warfare agents such as anthrax and Ebola cultures was reported, those claims now appear to have been widely exaggerated. During the raids, Aum issued statements claiming that the chemicals were for fertilizers.
Over the next six weeks, over cult members were arrested for a variety of offenses.
On March 30,Takaji Kunimatsu, chief of the National Police Agencywas shot four times near his house in Tokyo and was seriously wounded. While many suspected Aum involvement in the shooting, the Sankei Shimbun reported that Hiroshi Nakamura is suspected of the crime, but nobody has been charged.
The man responsible, a Korean member of Yamaguchi-gumiwas arrested and eventually convicted of the murder. His motive remains unknown. Upon examination it was revealed that it was a hydrogen cyanide device which, had it not been extinguished in time, would have released enough gas into the ventilation system to potentially kill 10, commuters.
The hijacker claimed to be an Aum member in possession of sarin and plastic explosives, but these claims were ultimately found to be false. Asahara was initially charged with 23 counts of murder and 16 other offenses. The trial, dubbed "the trial of the century" by the press, ruled Asahara guilty of masterminding the attack and sentenced him to death.Aum Shinrikyo, which is also known as Aum and Aleph, is a Japanese cult that combines tenets from Buddhism, Hinduism, and is obsessed with the apocalypse.
The group made headlines around the world. Destroying the World to Save It: Aum Shinrikyo, Apocalyptic Violence, and the New Global Terrorism [Robert Jay Lifton] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
National Book Award winner and renowned psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton reveals a world at risk from millennial cults intent on ending it all. Since the earliest moments of recorded history. Shoko Asahara (born Chizuo Matsumoto) on March 2, ) is the founder of Japan's controversial Buddhist religious group Aum Shinrikyo (now known as Aleph)..
Asahara has been convicted of masterminding the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway and several other crimes, and has been sentenced to death.
Aum Shinrikyo has about 1, members in Japan (about "ordained" members and about 1, "lay" members) at present. About 94% of the "ordained" members and 73% of the "lay" members had joined the cult before the sarin nerve gas attack in the Tokyo Subway, so the group is still considered to have many members who are strongly influenced by Asahara.
U.S. Government Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (AAMB) Ansar al-Islam (AAI). Apr 02, · Aum Shinrikyo: Japan’s Death Cult Is Hiding In Europe.
Aum Shinrikyo was the first—and to date the only—terrorist group to launch a sophisticated chemical warfare attack. It .