Learn more about African-Americans who have fought for the United States throughout its history.
Black people make up one of the largest of the many racial and ethnic groups in the United States. The black people of the United States are mainly of African ancestry, but many have non-black ancestors as well.
In about half of the nation's 29, African Americans lived in the South. Blacks were also concentrated in the largest cities, with more than 1 million based on the census living in both New York City and Chicago, Ill. There were black majorities in 11 major cities: Cities with from 40 to 50 percent African American populations were St.
American blacks are largely the descendants of slaves--people who were brought from their African homelands by force to work for whites in the New World. They have made basic and lasting contributions to American history and culture.
Nevertheless, their rights were severely limited and for too long they were denied a rightful share in the economic, social, and political progress of the United States. In the 16th century, some black explorers settled in the Mississippi Valley and in the areas that became South Carolina and New Mexico.
The most celebrated black explorer of the Americas was Esteban, who traveled through the Southwest in the s. The uninterrupted history of blacks in the United States began inwhen 20 Africans were landed in the English colony of Virginia.
These blacks were not slaves but indentured servants--persons bound to an employer for a limited number of years, as were many of the white settlers.
By the s large numbers of Africans were being brought to the English colonies. In blacks numbered almostand made up nearly one fifth of the population of the United States. Attempts to hold black servants beyond the normal term of indenture culminated in the legal establishment of black slavery in Virginia in and in all the English colonies by The blacks were easily distinguished by their color from the rest of the population, making them highly visible targets for enslavement.
Moreover, the belief that they were an "inferior" race with a "heathen" culture made it easier for whites to rationalize black slavery.
The enslaved blacks, who came from populous agricultural societies, were profitably put to work clearing and cultivating the farmlands of the New World. Of an estimated 10 million Africans brought to the Americas by the slave trade, aboutcame to the territory of what is now the United States.
The overwhelming majority were taken from the area of western Africa stretching from present-day Senegal to Angola, where political and social organization as well as art, music, and dance were highly advanced. Such African cities as Djenne and Timbuktu, both now in Mali, were at one time major commercial and educational centers.
With the increasing profitability of slavery and the slave trade, African peoples fought each other to provide captives for European traders.
The captured Africans were generally marched in chains to the coast and crowded into the holds of slave ships for the dreaded Middle Passage across the Atlantic Ocean, usually to the West Indies. Shock, disease, and suicide killed off at least one sixth during the crossing.
In the West Indies the survivors were "seasoned"taught the rudiments of English and drilled in the routines and discipline of plantation life.Reading South African accounts of the year long Border War between South Africa and the Angolan liberation movement UNITA on the one hand, and the.
South Carolina SC African Americans SC African-American Guide This open repository – created and maintained by SCIWAY as a public resource – seeks to collect reliable information about the black experience in South Carolina, from the long years of slavery to the present day.
Even before the Mayflower touched ground off Cape Cod, African Americans were living in British North America. Although slavery itself was not foreign to West Africans, the brutal nature of the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the nature of colonial slavery was without parallel in African history. Millions of people deemed savages by their new "masters" were uprooted from their ways of life and.
African Americans have served in every war waged by the United States. Throughout the nation's history, African American soldiers, sailors, and Marines have contributed conspicuously to America's military efforts.
Welcome to the virtual library of materials published about African-American involvement in the Vietnam War. "Involvement" is defined as those who served and those who protested. There was a marked turnaround from the attitude in previous wars that black men were not fit for combat - during the Vietnam War African-Americans faced a much greater chance of being on the front.