Debbie Dragon A formal business plan is an important document for any business. Entrepreneurs just starting out may find putting their thoughts, goals and in some cases dreams to paper an intimidating process. Nevertheless, it is vital to the success of your business.
Basically as long as people have been around, information technology has been around because there were always ways of communicating through technology available at that point in time. There are 4 main ages that divide up the history of information technology.
Only the latest age electronic and some of the electromechanical age really affects us today, but it is important to learn about how we got to the point we are at with technology today.
It can be defined as the time between B. We are talking about a long time ago. When humans first started communicating they would try to use language or simple picture drawings known as petroglyths which were usually carved in rock.
Early alphabets were developed such as the Phoenician alphabet. Petroglyph As alphabets became more popluar and more people were writing information down, pens and paper began to be developed.
It started off as just marks in wet clay, but later paper was created out of papyrus plant. The most popular kind of paper made was probably by the Chinese who made paper from rags. Now that people were writing a lot of information down they needed ways to keep it all in permanent storage.
This is where the first books and libraries are developed. Some groups of people were actually binding paper together into a book-like form.
Also during this period were the first numbering systems.
And yes now that numbers were created, people wanted stuff to do with them so they created calculators. A calculator was the very first sign of an information processor. The popular model of that time was the abacus. The mechanical age can be defined as the time between and A lot of new technologies are developed in this era as there is a large explosion in interest with this area.
Technologies like the slide rule an analog computer used for multiplying and dividing were invented. Blaise Pascal invented the Pascaline which was a very popular mechanical computer.
Charles Babbage developed the difference engine which tabulated polynomial equations using the method of finite differences. Difference Engine There were lots of different machines created during this era and while we have not yet gottent to a machine that can do more than one type of calculation in one, like our modern-day calculators, we are still learning about how all of our all-in-one machines started.
Also, if you look at the size of the machines invented in this time compared to the power behind them it seems to us absolutely ridiculous to understand why anybody would want to use them, but to the people living in that time ALL of thse inventions were HUGE.
The electromechanical age can be defined as the time between and These are the beginnings of telecommunication. The telegraph was created in the early s. Morse code was created by Samuel Morse in The telephone one of the most popular forms of communication ever was created by Alexander Graham Bell in The first radio developed by Guglielmo Marconi in All of these were extremely crucial emerging technologies that led to big advances in the information technology field.
The first large-scale automatic digital computer in the United States was the Mark 1 created by Harvard University around This computer was 8ft high, 50ft long, 2ft wide, and weighed 5 tons - HUGE. It was programmed using punch cards. How does your PC match up to this hunk of metal? It was from huge machines like this that people began to look at downsizing all the parts to first make them usable by businesses andeventually in your own home.
It can be defined as the time between and right now. The ENIAC was the first high-speed, digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems.
This computer was designed to be used by the U. Army for artillery firing tables.Companies that fail to start planning to deal with the EU’s data protection requirements are in for a real shock, warns the International Association of Information Technology Asset Managers.
In business case analysis it can be helpful see the work of others on the same subject: how they include costs and benefits, how they assign financial value, and how they interpret results. This page has links to example cases that may help your case building, from private industry, government, and non profits.
For a good summary of the evolution of information ethics up until , see Martha M, Smith, “Information Ethics” in the Annual review of information science and technology (ARIST), 10 which contains an extensive bibliography of sources.
Jun 26, · About the Author. Bert Markgraf is a freelance writer with a strong science and engineering background.
He started writing technical papers while working as an engineer in the s. The executive summary, then, is arguably the most important section of a business plan Section 2: Industry Analysis This section should begin by describing the industry the business will enter in terms of its size, growth rate, and sales projections.
Many business owners use computers to tap into the power of social media sites, such as Facebook and Twitter. In addition to advertising products and services on these sites, businesses can use software to design and manage email marketing campaigns that target potential customers.