History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational.
Early public health nursing roles extended beyond sick care to encompass advocacy, community organizing, health education, and political and social reform. Likewise, contemporary public health nurses practice in collaboration with agencies and community members.
The purpose of this article is to examine evolving PHN roles that address complex, multi-causal, community problems. A brief background and history of this role introduces an explanation of the community participation health promotion model.
A community-based participatory research project, Youth Substance Use Prevention in a Rural County provides an exemplar for description of evolving PHN roles focused on community health promotion and prevention. Also included is discussion about specific competencies for PHNs in community participatory health promoting roles and the contemporary PHN role.
Public health nursing PHN involves working with communities and populations as equal partners, and focusing on primary prevention and health promotion ANA, These and other distinguishing characteristics of PHN evolved in the context of historical and philosophical perspectives on health, preventive health care, and the professionalization of nursing.
Specifically, these are roles that involve collaboration and partnerships with communities and populations to address health and social conditions and problems.
Public health nursing developed as a distinct nursing specialty during a time when expanding scientific knowledge and public objection to squalid urban living conditions gave rise to population-oriented, preventive health care.
Public health nurses were seen as having a vital role to achieve improvements in the health and social conditions of the most vulnerable populations. Early leaders of PHN also saw themselves as advocates for these groups. High-risk, vulnerable populations are often the focus of care and may include the frail elderly, homeless individuals, sedentary individuals, smokers, teen mothers, and those at risk for a specific disease.
PHN practice and roles are defined from, PHN knowledge and competencies prepare nurses to take a leadership role to assess assets and needs of communities and populations At an advanced level, PHN knowledge and competencies prepare nurses to take a leadership role to assess assets and needs of communities and populations and to propose solutions in partnership.
Community- or population-focused solutions can have widespread influence on health and illness patterns of multiple levels of clients including individuals, families, groups, neighborhoods, communities, and the broader population ACHNE, The purpose of this article is to describe evolving roles in the specialty of public health nursing.
A brief history of PHN provides a historical and philosophical background for current practice. A model for community participation with ethnographic orientation, and an exemplar of its use in a rural youth substance use prevention project, illustrates current advanced PHN practice.
The article concludes with a discussion of essential PHN competencies, evidence that supports evolving PHN roles, and implications for contemporary public health nursing roles. The notion of health care as healing, or treating those already sick, maintained dominance over preventive care for many centuries.
During the midth century however, new scientific understanding of transmission of disease enabled successful sanitation interventions that prevented disease on a large scale.
“The idea of threshold concepts emerged from a UK national research project into the possible characteristics of strong teaching and learning environments in the disciplines for undergraduate education (Enhancing Teaching-Learning Environments in Undergraduate Courses). DAmico/Barbarito Health & Physical Assessment in Nursing, 2/e Chapter 1 Question 1 Type: MCSA The nurse is obtaining a health history from a client who reports that he is healthy and has no health concerns. As part of the health history, the nurse documents that the client reported that he has high blood pressure and suffers from a leg ulcer . LVNs Engaging in Intravenous Therapy, Venipuncture, or PICC Lines: The basic educational curriculum for Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs) does not mandate teaching of principles and techniques for insertion of peripheral intravenous (IV) catheters, or the administration of fluids and medications via the IV route.
To carry preventive care forward, district nursing evolved as the first role for public health nurses, and Florence Nightingale concurrently professionalized nursing as an occupation Brainard, Evolving PHN practice required an understanding of how culture, economics, politics, psychosocial problems, and sanitation influenced health and illness and the lives of patients and families Fitzpatrick, Public health nursing in the United States U.
The new public health nursing role struggled, and continues to struggle, with appropriate interventions that would achieve quick results, but also leave lasting improvements in the population.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. The Elements of Critical Thinking - Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skilfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing and/or evaluating information gathered from or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.
FINANCIAL AID Financial Aid Application Forms may be obtained from the following: College of Nursing Office of Financial Aid Prairie View A&M University Prairie View A&M University Fannin Street P.O. Box MS Houston, Texas Prairie View, Texas Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
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“The idea of threshold concepts emerged from a UK national research project into the possible characteristics of strong teaching and learning environments in the disciplines for undergraduate education (Enhancing Teaching-Learning Environments in Undergraduate Courses). Nurses are required to adhere to accepted standards of practice and professional performance.
These standards mandate the use of evidence-based interventions and the integration of research findings into practice. 1 According to the American Nurses Association, 1 the science of nursing is based on a critical-thinking framework that .