Ellen Terry, the famous actress, represented the ideal aesthetic woman. She frequently flouted society with her independent lifestyle, but became a role model for the new modern woman.
Chapter 1 A Time of Transition Many artists shared the curiosity about nature, society, institutions, human relations, and the past that was fostered by the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. They began to question inherited ideas and traditions, seeking instead a concrete and rational understanding of the world based on experience and facts.
Conflicting ideas about the role of tradition and hierarchies in society and nature made the late 18th century an exciting and turbulent time.
Chapter 2 Classical Influences and Radical Transformations A variety of approaches to classical antiquity emerged during the final decades of the 18th century.
Chapter 3 Representing 19th century theatre History Changing audiences, expectations, and experiences encouraged new approaches to representing history. Paintings of contemporary events became weapons of political propaganda and later, instruments of political critique and social reform.
Artists often distorted the truth and utilized familiar formulas to convey desirable associations. Chapter 4 Romanticism Romanticism was an anti-establishment movement characterized by ambiguity, complexity, and uncertainty. Romantic artists privileged individualism over convention.
They experimented with new subject matter, compositions, and techniques in order to discover visual languages that effectively communicated their personal ideas and experiences. Chapter 5 Shifting Focus: Art and the Natural World Landscape painting rapidly evolved from compositions and subjects dictated by academic tradition to ones reflecting individual preferences or market demands.
The classical landscape formula embodied a hierarchical world view consistent with the absolutist era of monarchs.
The Sublime and Picturesque provided a transition to both Romanticism and Naturalism. Chapter 6 Colonialism, Imperialism, Orientalism Artists usually documented new peoples and places according to pre-existing conventions.
Sometimes they were portrayed as unspoiled by civilization, other times as wild and in need of taming. Westerners projected their anxieties and fantasies onto the unfamilar, inventing concepts like the Noble Savage and the Exotic Orient.
Go to this chapter Chapter 7 During the period tomany artists turned their attention to subjects of interest to a rapidly growing market — the middle classes. Popular subjects included nostalgia for the past and fascination with the rapidly changing modern world.
The emergence of Biedermeier, Golden Age, and Pre-Raphaelite art signalled a shift in artistic taste and catered to this growing shift in patronage from church and monarchs to the public and individuals.
Go to this chapter Chapter 8 Photography encroached on territory occupied by drawing and painting because of its ability to capture the details of the visible world with mechanical precision.
Some considered photography a mechanical process, while others considered photography a fine art. Go to this chapter Chapter 9 Increasing numbers of artists produced paintings, prints, and sculptures that depicted the horrifying living and working conditions of the increasingly numerous working classes.
Go to this chapter Chapter 10 Peasant paintings increased dramatically in the 19th century due partly to comprehensive land reforms and demographic shifts.
Some artists portrayed the grittier aspects of peasant life in order to stimulate sympathy, while others reassured urban viewers that peasants still lived in symbiotic harmony with the land as they supposedly always had.
Stressed out urbanites liked to envision peasants as stable links to an idealized, agrarian past.19th Century Theatre Rachel, Katie, and Mia Time Period Romanticism Melodrama was the primary form of theatre () Great Britain joins with Ireland to form the United Kingdom.
Nineteenth Century Theatre regularly publishes essays, documents, bibliographies, review essays, reviews and an annotated list of books received on the theatre of the 's.
A wide scope allows the journal to present topics in European and American theatre, dance, opera, and other performing arts. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were only two main theatres in London.
Emeritus Professor Jacky Bratton traces the development of theatre throughout the century, exploring the proliferation of venues, forms and writers. Authentic Replica Military Uniforms and Civilian Clothing For Re-enactors, Collectors, Museums and Interpretors, Theatres, Film and TV Companies.
Claque, (French claquer: “to clap”), organized body of persons who, either for hire or from other motives, band together to applaud or deride a performance and thereby attempt to influence the audience. As an institution, the claque dates from performances at the theatre of Dionysus in ancient Athens.
Philemon frequently defeated Menander in the 4th century . 19th-Century Theatre. The 19th century was the age of a truly popular theatre. New theatres opened to satisfy a demand for entertainment from the workers who flooded into the major cities as the Industrial Revolution took hold.